What is a Survival Kit?
A Survival Kit is a package of basic tools and supplies prepared for an emergency in advance as an aid to survival. Survival kits come in a variety of sizes.
They include tools and supplies that can provide a survivor with basic shelter against the elements of weather, help in keeping warm, meet basic health as well as first aid needs, provide food and water, signal rescuers and assist in finding the way back to help.
Places you cannot miss a survival kit
Some places have survival kits as an ordinary part of their inventory. These include military aircraft, civil aircraft, spacecraft and lifeboats.
Some civilians such as bush pilots, surveyors or forestry workers may also be equipped with survival kits.
This is because they work in remote locations or regions with extreme climatic conditions. In addition, people who live in areas prone to earthquakes and other natural disasters also keep survival kits at hand.
Some towns have survival stores to keep survival supplies in stock for the average citizen can use to prepare for disaster.
What makes a survival kit ?
Survival kits are small kits that contain a few basic survival tools for emergency situations. The kits often include a large plastic bag, jigsaw blade, small compass, small candle, waterproof matches, minimum fishing tackle, craft knife or scalpel blade, and safety pins.
Moreover, survival kits may also include instructions on survival techniques such as fire-starting or first aid methods. You can make your own survival kit by buying and packing the necessary items.
A well prepared and thought out survival kit is invaluable for any emergency situation. Most survival kits are designed for an outdoor emergency but in most cases the items in survival kits overlap for different situations.
You should prioritize depending on what you expect to encounter. Other things to consider include space and weight. A basic survival kit caters for the need of first aid, water, food, shelter, navigation and signaling.
Shelter and warmth
There are various materials recommended for emergency shelters depending on the geographic locations. This include:-
- Survival blanket, which may be aluminized (reflective) to retain body heat and also the signal
- Waterproof matches or lighter
- Cotton balls or pad smeared with petroleum for starting a fire
- Bottled gas fuel
- A sleeping bag
- A poncho for protection against rain and the wind
- A tube tent
- A tarp with tie tapes
- A large plastic trash bag. This can act as poncho or shelter roof
- Fire striker/ lighter for starting a fire
- Health and first aid
- Bandages and gauze pads
- Adhesive tape and disinfectant pads
- Antibiotic cream and rubbing alcohol
- Burn cream
- Ultraviolet light protective sunglasses
- A 30 day supply of personal prescription medication
- Food and water
Since most survival kits are usually packed to sustain for short periods of time, food and water are packed keeping in mind that they need to be used and replenished.
- Water sealed containers. It is also wise to pack in water purification tablets or household beach because in some areas water may be contaminated.
- Heavy duty aluminum foil – To create a distillation tube to take out salt from salt water
- Canned food
- Dry fruits, peanuts and high-energy foods such as chocolate or food bars
- Fishing line and gear
- Snare wire
- Signaling, navigation and reference
- The primary goal of a survival kit is for lost or injured persons to get rescue. Therefore, this part of the kit may be considered the most essential. Key elements for rescue include:
- Trail maps/charts
- Survival manual for technique reference
- Distress radio beacon
- Signal mirror
- High power LED light
- Surveyor’s tape for marking location for rescuers
- Pen and paper for leaving notes to rescuers regarding direction of travel
- Glow stick
- Multipurpose tools or materials
- Small sized bow saws. They are lightweight and fast-cutting.
- A small portable stove
- Fixed-blade knife, or multi-tool such as a Swiss Army knife.
- Can opener Heavy-duty needle and thread
- Red or orange plastic bags or trash bags
- Sturdy rope or parachute cord
- Hatchet with sheath for cold conditions, or machete for tropical conditions
- Camp stove or some type of gas burner and fuel such as bottled propane
- Candles for light, signaling, fire-starting
- Water bottle for water storage, boiling, purification, cooking
- Compact saw with coarse teeth
- Solar charger
Military personnel have survival kits when they go out for operations. These survival kits are often modified to fit the environment of operations.
In tropical areas: The survival kit may have mosquito head netting, additional insect repellent, water purification tablets, foot powder, anti-fungal cream and a machete.
In desert areas: The survival kits may have more water and sunscreen. They may also have additional items such as sunglasses, shade hats.
Over large bodies of water: In addition to wearing a Survival suit over cold water, a survival kit may have additional items such as flotation vests, sea anchor, fishing nets, fishing equipment, a raft repair kit, a paddle, a sun shade hat, fluorescent sea marking dye, pyrotechnical signals, a survival radio or a radio-beacon.
In arctic or alpine areas: The survival kits may have additional cold weather clothing such as winter hats and gloves, sleeping bags, snow goggles, snowshoes, a collapsible shovel, extra socks and a tent designed for arctic use.
If you do not want that zombie apocalypse to catch you unawares your survival kit should have the following items in addition to an ordinary survival kit.
You can find zombie survival kits in stores or online shops that specialize in zombie survival kits for sale.
Shotgun or assault Rifle
- Many, many rounds of ammo just to be on the safe side
- Ear-plugs – This should help to drown out the moaning of the undead
- Red glow sticks
- Hatchet or machete
- Folding shovel. This is good for digging latrines
- Local map. It should include major roads, back roads and bodies of water
- Self-powered flashlight and radio
- Two or three sets of spare clothing
- Deck of cards, board games and a novel. To help pass the time
- Two pocket knives
- Multi-tool, which can open cans and cut wire
- Four Burlap sacks, to make a barricade
It is crucial to have a survival kit when traveling, especially to the wilderness and outdoors. A survival kit should be easy to carry and use in the event of an emergency or disaster.
You can get survival gear for sale in stores and online at sites such as Amazon. Outdoor and wilderness survival kits can also be found on Amazon.